Installing GeneWeb under OS X
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The simplest install is as follows (process verified on OS X Yosemite):
- Download the appropriate version. The latest version available from this source is
- Double-clicking on the downloaded .tgz file creates a subfolder named
- Move this folder where you prefer.
- Open the file
GeneWeb.commandin a text editor.
- Replace the line
trap 'kill $pids' 1 2
killall gwd killall gwsetup
- and save the result back to disk.
- Start GeneWeb by double-clicking the new
GeneWeb.command. This should open a terminal window and browser window with the start page of GeneWeb.
Multiple versions install
Installing multiple versions of GeneWeb is possible. The following section describes one approach. One of its benefits is to make more explicit several aspects of the folder structure expected by GeneWeb.
The first step is to organise a folder structure which will contain the various elements. Although style and taste may vary, here is a proposal for such a structure which is rather general, identifies the various components associated with GeneWeb and is amenable to changes.
All the genealogy files are located in a folder called Genealogy sitting in “Home”, and containing two sub-folders "GeneWeb" (sources and binaries. This folder may be called bases in subsequent discussions and examples) and “GeneWeb-Bases” (bases and other base specific data. a specific base may be called base in the following discussions and examples) and two command files launching each one particular version of gwd and gwsetup (Starting gwd):
iMac-H:Genealogy Henri$ cd ~/Genealogy/ iMac-H:Genealogy Henri$ pwd /Users/Henri/Genealogy iMac-H:Genealogy Henri$ ls -al total 24 drwxr-xr-x 5 Henri staff 170 14 oct 12:57 . drwxr-xr-x+ 81 Henri staff 2754 14 oct 13:28 .. -rw-r--r--@ 1 Henri staff 10244 14 oct 13:28 .DS_Store drwxr-xr-x 8 Henri staff 272 14 oct 12:59 GeneWeb drwxr-xr-x 13 Henri staff 442 14 oct 13:04 GeneWeb-Bases -rwxr-xr-x@ 1 Henri staff 3036 8 sep 12:14 Gw-Mac-6.08.command -rwxr-xr-x@ 1 Henri staff 3160 20 sep 05:55 Gw-Mac-7.00.command iMac-H:Genealogy Henri$
The content of GeneWeb is organized as follows:
The folders GeneWeb-x.yy-Mac contain copies (or moves) of the distribution folders created from sources for each version, or directly downloading (zip file) from a trusted source.
The folder GeneWeb-6.08-Mac contains a bases subfolder because the file
gwd.command was executed which creates a bases folder right there. This folder is not used anywhere else in this setup (and could have been removed).
This setup has the advantage of maintaining active at least two running versions of GeneWeb which may be handy for moving bases from one version to the other. In each GeneWeb-x.yy-Mac folder, a sub-folder gw contains all the executable files and associated data (default a.gwf, etc, images, lang, src sub-folders). gwsetup itself uses the setup sub-folder for its data.
gwd.arg contains the execution arguments for gwd (see Gwd).
gwd.log contains the log traces produced by gwd. May be useful for some debuging!
Note the tags.txt file containing the list of HTML tags authorized within the notes associated with each person (see Tags).
The two folders gw-6.08-alpha-src and gw-7.00-Mac and file gwget-7-00.sh relate to GeneWeb sources and will be discussed in section #From sources.
The content of GeneWeb-Bases is organized as follows:
Bases are stored in .gwb folders. Each base may have its parameter .gwf file. If no parameter file exist, gwd will use the a.gwf default parameter file found in GeneWeb/GeneWeb-x.yy-Mac/gw
Other folders contain the following data:
- cnt: contains access count for each base, and possibly a robot file remembering IP adresses behaving as robots and to be excluded.
- etc: contains base specific etc files. When searching for etc files, gwd will scan the file system in the following order:
- images: each base sub-folder contains the images associated with each person of a particular base. The naming convention is
- src: each base sub-folder contains text files and image files loaded by gwd with the m=SRC or m=IMH command (see Inserting images in notes).
One or several .auth file may reside here, as referenced in the .gwf files for friends and/or wizard authentication.
Starting Gwd and Gwsetup
With this folder organisation, clicking on
$HOME/Genealogy/Gw-Mac-7.00.command (whose content is here) will open a terminal window, kill previously running versions of gwd and gwsetup, start a fresh one and open the same start page as above.
For the diehards, here are all the parameters that gwd accepts at launch time:
iMac-H:gw Henri$ ./gwd -help Usage: gwd [options] where options are: -hd <dir> Directory where the directory lang is installed. -dd <dir> Directory where the documentation is installed. -bd <dir> Directory where the databases are installed. -wd <dir> Directory for socket communication (Windows) and access count. -cgi Force cgi mode. -images_url <url> URL for GeneWeb images (default: gwd send them) -images_dir <dir> Same than previous but directory name relative to current -a <address> Select a specific address (default = any address of this computer) -p <number> Select a port number (default = 2317); > 1024 for normal users. -setup_link Display a link to local gwsetup in bottom of pages. -allowed_tags <file> HTML tags which are allowed to be displayed. One tag per line in file. -wizard <passwd> Set a wizard password: access to all dates and updating. -friend <passwd> Set a friend password: access to all dates. -wjf Wizard just friend (permanently) -lang <lang> Set a default language (default: fr). -blang Select the user browser language if any. -only <address> Only inet address accepted. -auth <file> Authorization file to restrict access. The file must hold lines of the form "user:password". -no_host_address Force no reverse host by address -digest Use Digest authorization scheme (more secure on passwords) -add_lexicon <lexicon> Add file as lexicon. -log <file> Redirect log trace to this file. -robot_xcl <cnt>,<sec> Exclude connections when more than <cnt> requests in <sec> seconds. -min_disp_req Minimum number of requests in robot trace (default: 6) -login_tmout <sec> Login timeout for entries with passwords in CGI mode (default 1800s) -redirect <addr> Send a message to say that this service has been redirected to <addr> -trace_failed_passwd Print the failed passwords in log (except if option -digest is set) -nolock Do not lock files before writing. -max_clients <num> Max number of clients treated at the same time (default: no limit) (not cgi). -conn_tmout <sec> Connection timeout (default 120s; 0 means no limit) -daemon Unix daemon mode. -chwd <comm> Call command when wdoc changed iMac-H:gw Henri$
The folders gw-x.yy contain sources for version x.yy of GeneWeb. Executing the Makefile in this folder (see Installing OCaml) will create a distribution folder containing all data necessary for execution if GeneWeb. Renaming this distribution folder to GeneWeb-x.yy-Mac and moving it into the
GeneWeb folder discussed above brings us to a known situation.
The file gwget-7-00.sh is a shell script that will fetch the latest version of GeneWeb version 7.00 from the GitHub repository, compile it and move the resulting distribution folder appropriately.
Of course, the structure above can be extended to more that two versions of GeneWeb, and to more than two bases. Appropriate editing of the shell scripts and command files may be necessary.