.gw format

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The .gw source file format is used by GeneWeb to create a genealogy base (using the gwc command). GeneWeb is also capable of producing a .gw file, for archival or exchange.

The .gw file format is text based, machine as well as human readable, allowing for editing with any classical text editor and program manipulation. The .gw format is the best form for archival of a base and for exchange with other GeneWeb users. GeneWeb is also capable of creating and producing GEDCOM format files, but the compatibility is not guaranteed (no information is lost as GeneWeb keep in textual notes any GEDCOM information it does not know how to handle).

With GeneWeb version 7.00, the .gw format has been augmented to allow for events (gwplus, see section General structure of a .gw file below). At this time, a .gw file does not remember the GeneWeb version it was created with. This may change.

Warning: older versions of GeneWeb (< 7.00) cannot read the gwplus extensions of the .gw files. To alleviate this problem, the gwu command has been augmented to include an option (-old_gw) which transfers into the notes field any incompatible information.

Style guide

  • Text that should appear "as is" will be bold.
  • Words in italic are replaced by their effective value. Their first letter is uppercase, e.g. HusbandLastName
  • Parameters between [brackets] are optionals.
  • Parameters separated by '|' are alternatives: only one choice is selected.

Definition example:

 fam HusbandLastName FirstName[.Number] + [WeddingDate] [#mp WeddingPlace] WifeLastName FirstName[.Number]

Valis examples:

fam CORNO Joseph_Marie_Vincent + THOMAS Marie_Julienne
fam CORNO Alain.1 +25/11/1728 #mp Ile-aux-Moines CAUZIC Marie


Dates formats adhere to the european standard: dd/mm/yyyy, yyyy, mm/yyyy. An unknown but mandatory dates is "0".

Prefix modifiers can be used to specify "about", "before", "may-be" "after" etc.

Type de date Caractère spécial Exemple
About ~ ~10/5/1990
May be ? ?10/5/1990
Before < <10/5/1990
After > >10/5/1990
Or | 10/5/1990|1991
Between .. 10/5/1990..1991

The calendar is Gregorian by default. For Julian, add a "J" at the end of the date, "F" for French Republic, and "H" Hebrew. Exemple : 10/9/5750H

To enter a date in simple text form, prefix it with "0" between parenthesis:


Character strings

Spaces within strings are replaced by underscore "_" (except in notes and in some comments) : Marie_Julienne

ASCII uppercase follow ISO-8859-1.

Referencing a person

The same person may be referenced several times in a .gw file; as a parent, as a child or as a relation (witness, god parent, ...). LastName, FirstName and occurence number (if necessary) must match exactly for GeneWeb to establish the correspondence.

General structure of a .gw file

[encoding: utf-8]	# (optional) redefines text encoding to be utf-8 instead of iso-8859-1
[gwplus]			# (optional) specifies that this file follows the gwplus instead of gw format

any number of the following :

Family         	# start token is fam
PersonalNote 	# start token is notes
Relations      	# start token is rel
PersonEvents  	# start token is pevt (specific to gwplus)
DataBaseNotes 	# start token is notes-db (only one)
ExtendedPages 	# start token is pages-ext

WizardNotes  	# start token is wizard-note (Note : What are Wizard note? Only one? Last of sequence?)

Main structure : family

The principal information structuring a GeneWeb base is the "family". A family is comprised of a Husband, a Wife and Children (note that the sex verification of husband and wife can be turned off). Personal information (DoB, etc.) is attached to children. If a spouse does not have parents, its personal informations are inserted after its name in the family definition.

Case # 1 : Both spouses are already mentioned as child of a family.

 fam HusbandLastName FirstName[.Number] +[WeddingDate] 
   [#sep | - DivorceDate] [#nm | #eng] [#noment]
   [#mp WeddingPlace] [#ms WeddingSource] 
 WifeLastName FirstName[.Number]   # family arguments should be on a single line
 [wit[ m| f|]: Witness (use Person format, see Person Information section) ]  # possibly several witnesses, respect spaces
 [src Family source]
 [comm Family comments in free format]
    FamilyEvent (multiples)
 end fevt]
 - [h | f |  ] Person # see detailed description at the next section

  • If the spouses are not married (relation), insert the tag #nm. If they are engaged, use#eng.
  • If the spouses are separated, use #sep. If they are divorced, use - and provide the (optional) divorce date.
  • If ChildLastName is absent, that of the father will be used.
  • All the information associated with the fam tag must appear on a single line.
  • Tags wit, srcand comm follow on separate lines, after fam. They are optionals.
  • If the child sex is unknown, no h nor f after the - (dash).

If the family has no child, the tags beg/end can be omitted :

fam HEYDENREICH Gaspard +1719 TRESCH Rosine_Catherine

Case #2: One or both spouses are not already listed as child of a family. Enter their personal information as you would do for a child. See section #Personal informations below for more details.

Example : John Corno (o 1935 at Soisy, +1997) Direct entry of personal information:

fam Corno John 1935 #bp Soisy 1997 + Rempp Zabeth

If there is no personal information associated with a person, then enter the number 0 following his LastName/FirstName which will be used as default DoB and mark that this person is not defined anywhere else. If the spouse is unknown, provide two question mark separated by a space (? ?):

fam Diemer Patrick 0 + Heidenreich Sylvie 0
fam Doe John 0 + ? ?

FamilyEvent structure

This sub-section is specific to gwplus format.

FamilyEventName [EventDate] [#p EventPlace] [#s EventSource]
[wit[ m| f|]: Person ]	
[note Free text (no "_"!) until next FamilyEventName or end_fevt]	# note is optionnal

#marr  -> (Efam_Marriage)
#nmar  -> (Efam_NoMarriage)
#nmen  -> (Efam_NoMention)
#enga  -> (Efam_Engage)
#div   -> (Efam_Divorce)
#sep   -> (Efam_Separated)
#anul  -> (Efam_Annulation)
#marb  -> (Efam_MarriageBann)
#marc  -> (Efam_MarriageContract)
#marl  -> (Efam_MarriageLicense)
#resi  -> (Efam_Residence)

Note that certain events may be described both within personal information in a fam record (#mp = marriage place) and in an fevt sub-record (#p = place of event). The same information will appear at both places for events such as marriage. In the case of hand edited source files, the information appearing in the fevt sub-record takes precedence over the information kept in the fam line (this means that if no information appears in the fevt sub-record, the information on the fam line will be lost).

Note that the + token in the fam line indicates the beginning of a relation description, and does not necessarily imply a marriage : the tag #nm in the fam line, or #nmar in the fevt sub-record indicates a relation without marriage. If #nm and #nmar are absent, then a marriage is assumed.

The tag #noment in the fam line or #nmen in the fevt sub-record creates a relation event with no name,

Personal information

Personal information may appear next to a child on a fam record, or next to the spouse description of the person is not described as a child elsewhere. Personal information may also appear in relation structures (rel, see section below) if it is impossible to put it in a family structure (for example, for an adopted child).

The strict minimum for personal information is LastName, FirstName, optional occurence number and à as DoB.:

Corno Yann 0

For a child, DoB is not mandatory.

In summary DoB (Date of Birth) is only mandatory if the person is a parent, or has a DoD. In this last case, if the DoB is unknown, use 0.

Example : Maurice, DoB unknown, died in 1935 in Caen :

Corno Maurice 0 1935 #dp Caen

The full format definition for a person follows:

 LastName FirstName[.Number] 
   [(PublicName)] [#nick Qualifier]
   [{FirstNameAlias}] [#salias SurnameAlias]  [#alias Alias] 
   [[Title (see Title section)]] [#apubl | #apriv]
   [#image ImageFilePath]  
   [#occu Occupation] [#src PersonSource] 
 DateOfBirth  [#bp PlaceOfBirth] [#bs BirthSource]
   [!BaptizeDate] [#pp BaptizePlace] [#ps BaptizeSource] 
 [#od] [DateOfDeath] [#dp PlaceOfDeath] [#ds DeathSource] 
   [#buri | #crem [BurialDate]] [#rp BurialPlace] [#rs BurialSource]
  • See comments above about DoB obligations.
  • If one does not know wether a person is still alive, use ? for DoD (Date of Death).
  • If the person is "obviously" dead (born more than 150 ago for instance) use the #od tag (evolution after GeneWeb 5.?).
  • If the person died in its early years, use the #mj tag.
  • #apubl and #apriv provide access control: Public (anybody) or Private (wizards or friends). If nothing is provided, the "If Titles" rule applies.

The kind of death may be specified with a prefix modifier:

Type of death Special character Example
Killed k k10/5/1990
Murdered m m10/5/1990
Executed e e10/5/1990
Disappeared s s10/5/1990

Use the #buri or #crem tags to specify burial or cremation details.


While titles are part of the personal information section, they are described here in more details for better understanding. Titles are describer between brackets [ ] (Ooops, those brackets are full part of the format ...). If there are multiple titles, they are appended one after the other with a new bracket pair.

[ TitleName:Title:TitlePlace:StartDate:EndDate:Nth]
  • Each item is separated by a ':'. If no information is available, leave an empty item.
  • The main title is designated as '*' as TitleName.

Personal events

This sup-section is specific to gwplus format.

pevt PersonLastName PersonFirstName[.Number]
OnePersonEvent (multiples)
end pevt

Each OnePersonEvent has the following structure:

PersonEventName [EventDate] [#p EventPlace] [#s EventSource]
 [wit [m|f| ]: Person ]
 [note Free text (no "_"!) until next PersonEventName or end_pevt]	

#birt  -> (Epers_Birth)
#bapt  -> (Epers_Baptism)
#deat  -> (Epers_Death)
#buri  -> (Epers_Burial)
#crem  -> (Epers_Cremation)
#acco  -> (Epers_Accomplishment)
#acqu  -> (Epers_Acquisition)
#adhe  -> (Epers_Adhesion)
#awar  -> (Epers_Decoration)
#bapl  -> (Epers_BaptismLDS)
#barm  -> (Epers_BarMitzvah)
#basm  -> (Epers_BatMitzvah)
#bles  -> (Epers_Benediction)
#cens  -> (Epers_Recensement)
#chgn  -> (Epers_ChangeName)
#circ  -> (Epers_Circumcision)
#conf  -> (Epers_Confirmation)
#conl  -> (Epers_ConfirmationLDS)
#degr  -> (Epers_Diploma)
#demm  -> (Epers_DemobilisationMilitaire)
#dist  -> (Epers_Distinction)
#dotl  -> (Epers_DotationLDS)
#educ  -> (Epers_Education)
#elec  -> (Epers_Election)
#emig  -> (Epers_Emigration)
#endl  -> (Epers_Dotation)
#exco  -> (Epers_Excommunication)
#fcom  -> (Epers_FirstCommunion)
#flkl  -> (Epers_FamilyLinkLDS)
#fune  -> (Epers_Funeral)
#grad  -> (Epers_Graduate)
#hosp  -> (Epers_Hospitalisation)
#illn  -> (Epers_Illness)
#immi  -> (Epers_Immigration)
#lpas  -> (Epers_ListePassenger)
#mdis  -> (Epers_MilitaryDistinction)
#mobm  -> (Epers_MobilisationMilitaire)
#mpro  -> (Epers_MilitaryPromotion)
#mser  -> (Epers_MilitaryService)
#natu  -> (Epers_Naturalisation)
#occu  -> (Epers_Occupation)
#ordn  -> (Epers_Ordination)
#prop  -> (Epers_Property)
#resi  -> (Epers_Residence)
#reti  -> (Epers_Retired)
#slgc  -> (Epers_ScellentChildLDS)
#slgp  -> (Epers_ScellentParentLDS)
#slgs  -> (Epers_ScellentSpouseLDS)
#vteb  -> (Epers_VenteBien)
#will  -> (Epers_Will)


Notes are associated to one person and stored as free form text between notes and end notes tags:

 notes LastName FirstName[.Number]
 Notes go here in a totally free format 
 (HTML tags can be inserted here. See the -tags option for gwd and tags.txt file))
 end notes


Relations associated with one person and are stored separately, as for notes. In the following list, all possible markers are mentioned when only one is typically used.

rel LastName FirstName[.Number]
- adop: AdoptiveFather + AdoptiveMother
- adop fath: AdoptiveFather
- adop moth: AdoptiveMother
- reco: RecognizingFather + RecognizingMother
- reco fath: RecognizingFather
- reco moth: RecognizingMother
- cand: CandidateFather + CandidateMother
- cand fath: CandidateFather
- cand moth: CandidateMother
- godp: GodFather + GodMother
- godp fath: GodFather
- godp moth: GodMother
- fost: FosterFather + FosterMother
- fost fath: FosterFather
- fost moth: FosterMother


The DataBase Note is the text that appears when one clicks on the "Note de présentation" tag of the Welcome page.

  Free text starting with two spaces (including HTML and WiKi syntax formatting)
end notes-db


Extended pages are pages referenced within persons notes using the WiKi syntax [[[ExtendedPageName/Free text]]]. The same syntax can be used within extended pages themselves.

# extended page "PageName" used by:
#  - person "PersonFirstName[.Number] PersonLastName" 	# multiple lines indicating usage by Person (two spaces before -)
#  - extended page "PageName"                  	        # or by other ExtendedPage
page-ext PageName
  Free text with two spaces at the beginning of each line.
  Free text may contain HTML and WiKi formatting commands.
  Continued free text 
end page-ext


Wizard-note Wizard_name
  timestamp                        # page creation date timestamp computed as the number of seconds since january 1st,1970 (unix epoch)
  Free text following WiKiText format describing the wizard and his activities.
  Each line begins with two spaces.
end wizard-note

Each wizard may have a page describing his activities and his background. If the parameter authorized_wizards_notes is positionned to yes in the basename.gwf file, the welcome page will propose a link to a page showing all active wizard notes sorted in alphabetical order.

Each wizard can edit the content of his own page.

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Use and manage genealogical databases

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